50-minute mobile phone exposure associated with increased brain glucose metabolism
Increased risk was found for glioma and use of mobile or cordless phone in analyses of two case-control studies
Study of incidence rates in brain cancer in England; no time trends found
Simulations of recall and selection bias in case-control study CEFALO
Can radiofrequency exposure induce cytostatic responses on cancer cell lines?
Use of external fans has no influence on anticipated nonthermal effects of RF on brain
Possible protective effects of green tea polyphenols against electromagnetic-induced injury
Significant reduction in hematopoietic damage caused by exposure to RF fields
Effect of RF fields on protein kinase activity
RF field affect spermatogenesis and apoptosis
No evidence that RF fields affect gene expression
Indications of possible brain-tumour risk in mobile-phone studies: should we be concerned?
Re-analysis of risk for glioma in relation to mobile telephone use: comparison with the results of the Interphone international case-control study
Risk of parotid malignant tumors in Israel (1970-2006)
Two different approaches for evaluating simultaneous exposure to multiple frequencies from base station antenna
New application for brain exposure from EMF
Greater localized exposure measured by figure-8 loop antenna system
Volumetric energy absorption rate (VAR) compared to SAR as RF exposure metric
Monte Carlo simulation results can be used to find correction factors for personal dosimeters
No chronic illness in rats due to exposure to RF fields
Cultured keratinocytes are not affected by electromagnetic fields
Effects of electric fields on spindle disturbances in cell cycle
Reproductive effects of radiofrequency fields
Effects of radiofrequency fields on testicular function in rats
Radiofrequency radiation and human cells
Review of previous findings of human brain and cognition: study design and data analysis evaluation
Comments from the Russian group on Repacholi et al. “An international project to confirm soviet era results on immunological and teratological effects of RF field exposure in wistar rats and comments on Grigoriev et al.
Systematic review and cognitive performance in humans: no biological mechanism has been identified which mediates the effects on brain function
Investigation on use of precautionary principle in health risk assessment from EMF
Scientific Panel recognizes that the body of evidence on EMF requires a new approach to protection of public health
Replication study: mobile phone use associated with behavioural problems at age 7 years
Commentary on the design of the Interphone Study
Survey of physicians’ opinion on EMF and health in Germany
Study of the statistical perturbations associated with the influence of the human body on personal exposure meter
Effect of RF from mobile phone on memory; a study in mice using multiple exposure protocols
Project to confirm soviet-era results on immunological and teratological effects of RF field in rats
Associations found between measured exposure and acute symptoms probably due to multiple testing
Non-significant increase in risk was found for occupational exposure to EMF
Review of case-control studies of brain tumour risk from mobile phone use
Development of 3 waveguides using fin-line concept for the exposure of small biological in-vitro samples
SARs were lower than the guidelines value for general public exposure and occupational exposure in pregnant women
Neither single nor combined RF exposures affect cell cycle progression
Reproducible responses due to RF exposure
No evidence for acute cell stress or glial reactions due to RF radiation
No effect on the hematopoietic system in rats due to RF exposure
Electrophysiological changes in auditory pathway during mobile phone exposure
Multiple treatments of the target site to potent carcinogen
Effects of chronic exposure to cellular telephone on hearing
RF radiation alone does not increase reactive oxygen species production
Review of biological effects from short and long-term exposures to RF radiation – mobile phone base stations
Information knowledge and not precautionary recommendations influenced the public's health concerns
Study suggests that use of cell phones does not increase leukemia risk in adults
Significant increased risk of acoustic neuroma found for average mobile phone use of more 20 minutes per day
Results of experiments study in 30 male subjects do not provide any evidence of a mobile phone-handset effect on human cognition
Systematic review does not indicate an association between any health outcomes and radiofrequency exposure from base stations
Methodology and procedure for temporal measurements and estimation methods for maximal and average exposure due to base station during longer periods are proposed
Radiofrequency exposure and temperature changes associated with near authentic metallic implants in the head phantom
SAR values obtained from Wi-Fi exposure were noticeably below the basic restriction guidelines and only 1% of mobile phone exposure
No adverse health effects of chronic exposure due to exposure to GSM-like signal
RF radiation at 40 kHz induces hepatic injury in rats
Effects of electromagnetic radiation on early postnatal neurogenesis in rats
Can mobile phone irradiation affect human primary endothelial cells?
Effect of WiFi signals on pregnancy outcome
Review of radiofrequency genetic effects
Occupational microwave exposure from marine radar possible cause of genetic and cell alterations
Systematic review finds no effect of mobile phone RFR on cognitive and psychomotor effects
Long-term mobile phone exposure has no effect on physiological and hematological parameters
Results suggest that exposure to TETRA signals not associated with symptoms reported by sensitive users
Results confirm RF exposure increases EEG sleep alpha range waves
Modest correlations between self-reported mobile phone use and billing record data; important variability in recall
Considerable SAR variation in a male phantom model in reflective environment compared to free space
Study of output power levels from GSM mobile phone handsets used in Nigeria
Possible induction of autoimmune responses due to exposure to radiofrequency fields
No direct cytogenetic effects of GSM
Histopathological effects of pulse-modulated radiofrequency fields on the thyroid gland
Oxidative damage in the liver of guinea pigs exposed to radiofrequency radiation
Signaling in EMF-induced microglial activation
Review of electromagnetic fields on cancer effects
Review of non-thermal effects of microwave radiation on lens epithelial cells
Design of the cohort study of mobile phone use and health (Cosmos)
No evidence for short-term physiological effects of EMF by base stations sleep quality.
Examples of risk governance deficits in experiences from EMF and power lines and how can it help risk management of RF-EMF’s
Study suggests that exposure to GSM mobile phone has some effects on central nervous system
RF-EMF could affect some psychobiological stress markers
Study shows that cochlear implant as negligible effect in the average SAR values both in the cochlea and head
Development of an electromagnetic environmental impact factor
Exposure to GSM signal does not affect cellular calcium homeostasis
Cellular phones and their base stations do not produce carcinogenic changes
Exposure to electromagnetic fields decreases Purkinje cell numbers in female rat cerebellum
Effects of mobile phone exposure on brain tissue
No significant effect of radiofrequency radiation on bladder cells of rats
Effect of electromagnetic fields on serum testosterone levels in rats
Effect of microwave exposure on male fertility of rats
Tumor promotion as a result of radiofrequency radiation
Review of the cancer risk from radiofrequency fields emitted from mobile telephone
US incidence data do not provide overall support: mobile phone use and brain cancer
Linear relationship between mobile phone usage and brain tumour incidence found in US study
Review of epidemiological research on health effects from mobile phone base stations
Commentary on results of the Interphone study
No association between measured exposure to RF and chronic well-being in children and adolescents
Laypeople's knowledge of base stations varied considerably and affected siting preferences
Clinical study of concentration of beta-trace protein in blood and sleep disturbances in relation to EMF exposure
Mean total personal RF-EMF exposure levels similar between 5 European countries; well below the international exposure limits
RF exposure in Stockholm dominated by GSM and UMTS-HSPA; long-term evolution (LTE) (4G radio) contributes 4%
Results do not support hypothesis that living cells could demodulate RF energy
Good accuracy on radar signals produced by air traffic control (ATC) achieved in laboratory and in situ measurements
Analysis of RF radiation in the vicinity of broadcasting antennas
Development of surface-based anatomical models
RF fields have no adverse effects on the male reproductive system
Possible effects of RF exposure on estrogenic activity in rats
No non-thermal damage in enzymes due to exposure to radiofrequency radiation
INTERPHONE Study Group
High intensity and long duration of mobile phone use might be associated with tinnitus
No link between childhood cancers and pregnant women’s exposure to mobile phone base stations
Use of mobile phone more than 10 years linked to brain tumours in study on deceased individuals
Mobile or cordless phone use not associated with decreased sleep quality in Swiss population.
No evidence for a sleep-disturbing effect of GSM 900 and WCDMA exposure
How to inform lay people so that they trust and understand the risk information?
Common core procedure would help to directly compare RF exposures in different population and study region.
Evaluation of correction factors for different RF exposure scenarios needed prior to study protocol.
Mobile phone technology (Analog, GSM, CDMA, TDMA) strongest predictor of RF output power
Evaluation of different RF exposure assessment methods
How to evaluate uncertainty in the measurement of EMF
Results suggest that the recommended ICNIRP exposure reference levels may need to be slightly revised to account for small children.
Base station RF exposure levels very low in comparison to the ICNIRP and also the Korean limits
Chronic radiofrequency exposure to mice may alter their immunoreactivity
A cocarcinogenic effect of lifelong UMTS exposure
Effects of RF exposure on the neurological system
Electric and magnetic fields do not interfere with the biochemical properties of cells
Comparison of biological effects between continuous and intermittent radiofrequency exposure
Effect of mobile phone irradiation on the induction of pro-apoptosis events in human spermatozoa
Review of EMF exposure and blood-brain-barrier permeability
Study finds that the perceived benefits of mobile phone technology outweigh the risks.
EMF-related health concerns cannot explain findings in people living next to mobile phone base stations
Patterns of the P600 waveform and radiofrequency fields and gender effects
GSM exposure affects resting alpha activity only in young adults
Whole-head and peak 10-g average SAR showed less than 20% change with and without EEG electrodes/leads
Systematic review of childhood leukemia and EMF
RF radiation does not affect reactive oxygen species and DNA in human neuroblastoma cells
It seems unlikely that radiofrequency exposure modulates the protein expression profile
DNA breaks in rat brain cells exposed to radiofrequency radiation
Effect of radiofrequency radiation on pregnant women and their developing fetuses
Effect of radiofrequency radiation on reproductive ability in insects.
Does radiofrequency signal affect rat brain?
Effect of radiofrequency radiation on reproductive capacity of the insect Drosophila Melanogaster
Effect of short-term exposure to radiofrequency fields on living organisms
Effect of radiofrequency radiation on sperm fertilization potential.
No effect of radiofrequency radiation on protein expression of Hsp27 or Hsp70
No significant differences in cell growth due to radiofrequency radiation
Epidemiological studies should include cordless phone use in RF phone exposure.
Quality control procedures increase assurance of field measurements from dosimeters
Regular exposure from mobile phone use associated with personality traits in Australian adolescents
Variations of distance between head and mobile phone as a function of age and its impact on peak spatial SAR
Modeling method to choose RF exposure metric (peak SAR or S(inc)) in the range 1-10 GHz
Electromagnetic fields: Conference, hearing call up cell phone use
Extremely low frequency electric fields and cancer: Assessing the evidence
No associations between the use of electronic media (including mobile phones) and headache in adolescent population
Pattern of ownership and use of mobile phones in Iranian medical students
Study indicates that transthyretin could explain findings of benefits from radiofrequency fields (RF) exposure in study of Alzheimer’s Disease mice
Study indicates possible inner ear damage in long-term and intensive mobile phone users
SAR levels in foetuses slightly lower than mother in mice models.
ICNIRP guidelines revisions needed; lowering the reference levels for frequencies around 2-5 GHz.
Study of exposure from wireless systems and changes in power variations.
(Comment) Studies of Mobile Phone Use and Brain Tumor Risk Are Independent of Industry Influence
(Comment) Arbitrary Results of a Meta-Analysis on Cancer Risks Among Mobile Phone Users.
Mobile phone radiation health risk controversy: the reliability and sufficiency of science behind the safety standards
Mixed results on link between cellular telephones and cancer
The importance of the amplitude modulation in the interaction between electromagnetic fields and neocortical astrocytes.
Reactive oxygen species levels and DNA fragmentation on astrocytes in primary culture after acute exposure to low intensity microwave electromagnetic field.
Critical comments on DNA breakage by mobile-phone electromagnetic fields
Effect of radiofrequency radiation on passive avoidance behaviour in rats.
Does low electromagnetic radiation affects human cells?
Effects of mobile phones and radar radiofrequencies on the eye
Little evidence of prenatal exposure to mobile phone on neurodevelopment of offspring
No differences of objective measures between TETRA airwave base station and sham signal for control or electrosensitive people
A third of German general practitioners associate EMF with health complaints
Study of primary brain cancer in 2005 in southeastern France and occupational and environmental risk factors
Difference in symptoms between EMF related group and electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) group
Cortical processing responsible for saccade inhibition in the brain not affected by cell phone exposure in humans
Heavy metal exposure not linked to electromagnetic hypersensitivity
Mobile phone use does not affect genomic instability in human oral mucosa cells
Exposure assessment methods for a job exposure matrix of Navy crew members
Results of whole-body specific absorption rate from measurements using various human phantom models and wireless frequencies in real environments.
Maximum average SAR in embryos lower than 0.08 W kg−1 for frequency range of 10 MHz to 1.5 GHz
No adverse effects of exposure to electromagnetic effects on rats
Cytogenetic effects of exposure to radiofrequency radiation on human culture
Effect of mobile phone exposure on brain of rats
Effect of electromagnetic fields on cell function: microglia activation and related signal transduction
Increased gene expression due to radiofrequency exposure
Does radiofrequency radiation induce double-strand breaks in stem cells?
Acute or long-term brain exposures to cell phone do not affect stress in the brain of mice
Review of radiofrequency fields and non-thermal effect on biological systems
Study of exposure to mobile telecommunication networks and mental health behavior using personal dosimetry in children and adolescents
Prospective cohort study on environmental exposures during pregnancy and childhood
Results suggest that GSM mobile phones affect dominant (alpha) EEG rhythms due to aging.
GSM mobile phone exposure modulates interhemispheric synchronization of temporal and frontal resting EEG rhythms in normal young subjects
Results indicate that mobile phone at the rate of 217Hz trigger evoked potentials measured by EEG.
Short term UMTS signals do not cause health effects on the human auditory system.
Study suggests that adolescent self-reported laterality of mobile phone use of limited validity
Description of SAR variability of whole-body exposure to radiofrequency fields in the VHF band in children
Correlation of local temperature elevation in head model to mass-averaged SAR largely affected by blood perfusion rate
No significant differences between the SAR values for the children of 3 and 7 years old or for adults exposed to RF emitted by walkie-talkies.
Electric field values required for public basic restriction guidelines (ICNIRP and IEEE) under worst-case scenario show guidelines may not be conservative
Review of wireless technologies and exposure assessment methodology
Impact of mobile phones on sperm motility
Effects of mobile phone on male rabbit sexual behavior
Effect of radiofrequency radiation on calcium binding proteins
Effects of electromagnetic fields on circadian rhythms in rats.
Review of the effects of radiofrequency fields on wild mammals
Review of methodologies used in assessing non-thermal effects of mobile phone exposure
No change in incidence trends in brain tumor in four Scandinavian countries.
EMF exposures from base stations in Ghana lower than ICNIRP but higher than other places
Practical guidelines for EMF exposure in the workplace
Applicability of EMF exposure assessment methods and instruments
Validity of shielding device to reduce non-ionizing radiation exposures.
Effect of mobile phone irradiation on protein expression in a human endothelial cell line
Can radiofrequency radiation cause oxidative damage to mtDNA?
Teratogenic effects of multi-signal radiofrequency fields on mouse fetuses
Foetal development following exposure of pregnant mice to mobile phone radiation
Oxidative destruction of whole-body radiofrequency exposure
Effects of radiofrequency radiation on neurological system
Effects of radiofrequency radiation on immunological system
Review of health effects of mobile phone on brain electrical activity
Review: plasma membrane might be the target of cell phone radiation
Results of a meta-analysis of mobile phone use and tumor risk conducted in 2008
Mobile phone use by young people in hospital setting: benefits and risks of use.
Study shows no effect of mobile phone close to the heart in heart rate, blood pressure, and cardiac electrical activity in humans
Bone mineral density slightly lower in EMF exposed compared to non-exposed group but not as low as osteopeny or osteoporosis cases.
EMF exposure measurements in bedrooms well below International Commission (ICNIRP) guideline levels.
Geospatial model predicting the radiofrequency fields exposure from fixed mobile phone, radio and television site transmitters
Prediction model for personal RF-EMF exposure feasible and useful to evaluate average exposure over several months.
Electromagnetic field exposure may lead to abnormal brain functioning
GSM signal may affect the DNA integrity
Impact of radiofrequency radiation on DNA damage and repair
Does radiofrequency radiation affect sperm head abnormalities?
Radiofrequency signals could affect the functional capacity of the peripheral blood mononuclear cells
Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics, and potential predisposing factors for gliomas in Greece
Short-term exposure to cell phones has no significant effects on the sensory memory in children
Elevated saliva secretion rates and decreased protein secretion of parotid glands adjacent to handheld mobile phone in use.
Mobile phone exposures could act on brain electrical activity, reducing the arousal and expectation of warning stimulus
Methodology to calculate an exposure gradient to determine exposure assessment of mobile phones in epidemiologic studies
Wired and wireless hands-free kits considerably diminishes the exposure of the entire head region compared to handheld mobile phones to the head
Measurement exposure to radiofrequency EMFs of operational personnel working for a mobile telephone operator
Morphological differences in models appear to be an important cause of variation in SAR in the eyes and brain
Importance of evaluating both electrical and thermal effects for public exposure of non-ionizing radiation
Radiofrequency fields do not affect blood-brain barrier permeability
Concerns about possible risks of electromagnetic fields generated in connection with electrical equipment and communication
Can electromagnetic exposure play the role of a non-invasive, non-pharmacologic therapeutic against Alzheimer's disease?
Can CAPE prevent electromagnetic field induced oxidative changes?
Weight of evidence does not indicate specific, non-thermal responses to non-ionizing radiation at the gene or protein level.
COMAR committee makes recommendation to public health officials to continue to base their policies on current RF safety limits
Review of scientific studies on symptoms or diseases possibly due to radiofrequency field exposure
Epidemiologic evidence of radiofrequency fields emitted from mobile phone and risk of brain and head tumors
Effect of mobile phone use on cognitive functions in adolescents noted in Australian study.
No association found between socioeconomic status (SES) and mobile telecommunication networks in children and adolescents.
No health effects of CDMA phones on physiological parameters or subjective symptoms in volunteer groups
Exposure to GSM mobile phones did not affect the transmission of sensory stimuli along the auditory nerve in healthy adults.
UMTS short-term exposure of mobile phones does not cause any immediate effects on the human auditory system.
Study of individual exposure to environmental radiofrequency fields (RF) using personal exposure meter in France.
SAR values for hardware modified phones are well below ICNIRP limits for the general public; tilts influence SAR more than rotations.
Radiation level four times higher than standard in a region of Turkey.
Results suggest that cochlear tissues unlikely to be affected by radiofrequency fields emitted by mobile phones.
The relation between the incident electromagnetic field strength and both whole-body and local specific absorption rate (SAR).
Radiofrequency does not activate microglial cells in vitro.
Impact of radiofrequency fields on fertility in humans.
Radiofrequency fields from mobile phones negatively affect semen quality and may impair male fertility.
Effects of radiofrequency fields on the neurological system
Systematic review indicates that symptoms of electromagnetic hypersensitive sufferers are not triggered by EMF exposure.
Overview provides little epidemiologic evidence that mobile phone use causes adverse health effects.
Further analyses from Hardell’s group on mobile and cordless phone use and the risk of brain tumours.
Low feasibility of cohort studies for occupational exposure to radiofrequency fields
Radiofrequency field exposure in firefighters proposed by author as an explanation for some of the increased cancer risk seen in this population.
GSM and UMTS mobile phone base stations do not affect cognitive functions in humans.
No regional cerebral blood flow effect of 3rd generation mobile phone in humans.
Mobile phones, base stations and cordless phones are the main sources of radiofrequency fields exposure in urban Switzerland.
Mobile phone recall in adolescents is modestly accurate in Australia
Mobile phone base station RF occupational exposure; peak and whole-body SAR compliance
Good reliability of mobile phone SAR measurements from different international laboratories.
Measurement of changes in temperature due to RF exposure using non-contact method fluorescent dye in biological samples.
Procedure using formulae to generate SAR compliance boundaries for mobile phone base station antennas.
Synergistic effects of RF and gamma-rays on cellular functions.
No direct DNA damage or synergistic effects of 1800 MHz RF with X-rays on human leukocytes.
Preliminary results suggest that an adaptive response can be induced in cells exposed to 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation.
No genotoxic and cytotoxic effects (DNA damage) from RF radiation in human dermal fibroblasts.
Confirmation study does not prove 915 MHz radiofrequency field affects integrity of blood-brain-barrier in rats.
No effect of mobile phone radiofrequency fields on the developing nervous system in pregnant mice.
Study shows GSM 900 MHz RF exposure did not change important parameters of neural cells of in vitro models.
UMTS 1,950 MHz RF did not affect cell viability or reactive oxygen species formation in Jurkat cells.
Review of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) on the immune system.
Overview of the epidemiology of exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF).
Late Lessons from Early Warnings: Towards realism and precaution with EMF?
Exposure indices could be improved by accounting for average power levels of different telecommunications systems
Study finds very low self-reported physical symptoms associated with mobile phone usage
Method to estimate RF exposure in the environment: longer period estimation from data collected over short-period
Maximum SAR values measured in adults inside elevator meet the international RF safety guidelines
Mobile phone signal and integrity of the human blood-brain and blood-cerebrospinal fluid barriers.
No significant effect of mobile phone radiofrequency (RF) exposure on ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) enzyme activity
No significant effect of mobile phone radiofrequency (RF) exposure on ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) enzyme activity
Influence of radiofrequency (RF) radiation on neuron development
No clear association was observed between mobile phone use and adult leukemia in Thailand.
A meta-analysis of epidemiological studies suggests a link between long-term cell phone use and the risk of ipsilateral brain tumours
Similar mechanisms are possibly involved in the pathophysiology of tinnitus and electromagnetic hypersensitivity.
Wireless telephones and the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier
SAR characterization inside intracranial tumours
Comparison of SAR induced in homogeneous and heterogeneous biological structures.
Reference levels provide a conservative estimation of compliance with the whole-body SAR but not localized SAR.
Assessment of validity and accuracy of spatial averaging of electromagnetic fields
Methods for estimation of long-term exposures to FM, GSM, and UMTS based on short-period measurement results.
SAR changes in a human head model for plane wave exposure (500 - 2500 MHz) and a comparison with safety limits
Does radiofrequency radiation affect the cochlear functions?
Cellular effects of radiofrequency (RF) radiation from mobile phones
Effects of mobile phone radiofrequency field (RF) exposure on spatial memory performance
No stress response after exposure to radiofrequency fields in fetal mouse brain
Effects of radiofrequency field (RF) radiation from mobile phones on blood-brain barrier permeability
Absence of genotoxic effect in mice of radiofrequency field radiation from wireless signals
Standardized questionnaires and access to industry data are essential for increasing the capacity of epidemiological studies to evaluate the potential association between acoustic neuroma and cell phone use.
Research does not provide consistent evidence of an association between mobile phone use and head and neck tumours.
Different conclusions are reached in the two sets of recent case-control studies.
Precaution is recommended in cell phone use
Caution, further research and regulatory changes are needed.
No evidence in UK study of cell phone use and risk of pituitary tumors.
Population-based survey in France on personal exposure to radiofrequency fields from the environment
Authors conclude that current standard for RF exposure from mobile phone use is not considered safe for long-term exposure
Survey indicates that most of the population in Denmark is not concerned about mobile phone radiofrequency field exposure.
Authors recommend checking for clinical signs of somatic health problems when treating electrohypersensitive persons.
Study investigates the health effects of acute mobile phone exposure on the oxygenation of the frontal cortex in humans
Human sensitivity to radio and TV radiofrequency fields in humans
Positive effect of mobile phone radiofrequency exposure on human hemoglobin
Postnatal 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation on rat hippocampus
Impact of radiofrequency field radiation on ear of male rats
Impact of radiofrequency field radiation on eye of chicken embryos
Review to provide direction for future research
Review of evidence of non-thermal health effects from cell phone exposure
Review of the potential health effects in humans and animals of mobile phone base stations
Authors state that precautionary measures be taken for wireless technologies and public health risk
Review of 101 in vivo and in vitro studies on genotoxicity of radiofrequency fields
Review of extremely low frequency fields (ELF) and radiofrequency fields (RF) on cellular stress response
Review of the comet assay methodology and its efficacy to assess DNA damage
Cell phone use and the risks of developing central nervous system diseases such as migraine, vertigo, dementia, and Parkinson disease.
Fetal and neonatal changes in heart rate and cardiac output following maternal exposure to mobile phones
SAR and electric field measurements in close proximity of mobile phone base stations and usefulness for compliance check
No association between exposure to base station and well-being in children
Is there a need to revise the reference for electromagnetic safety guidelines?
The chest receives the highest levels of current during radiofrequency radiation
Errors associated with body-worn RF dosimeters
Survey of health complaints and mobile phone use in medical students
New analysis approach does not provide evidence for any significant association between mobile phone use and brain tumour (glioma) risk where the brain receives most RF energy
New study does not confirm previous results of increased risk of uveal melanoma and regular mobile phone use
Study does not show that measured RF exposure from base stations in Germany were associated with any adverse health effects in 1,326 individuals
The action of pulse-modulated GSM radiation increases regional changes in brain activity
Radiofrequency radiation at 5 W/kg might enhance chemically induced ROS production and cause secondary DNA damage
Study shows no effect from GSM mobile phones on cortical auditory changes
Does use of mobile phones at short distances from the ear of the infants should be avoided?
Does radiofrequency radiation affect the fertility and the development of the animals?
Whole-body averaged SAR in an infant model – effect of polarization
Comprehensive overview of the health effects of cell phone exposure
Estimation of the impact of nonparticipation in case-control study suggests a reduction of about 10% in odds ratio (OR) for regular mobile phone use.
In vitro exposure to CDMA radiofrequency field signals induce reversible DNA damage caused by aphidicolin
Clathrin-dependent endocytosis is stimulated by GSM signals
Mobile phone radiofrequency signals may affect testicular function and structure in rabbits
Providing subjects accurate feedback on their ability to determine exposure to mobile phone signal insufficient to change attributions or reduce symptoms.
Individuals reporting "electrosensitivity" have considerably worse health than either healthy individuals or people who report sensitivity to mobile phones
Cell phone use in Spanish adolescents and factors associated with intensive use
A new approach to simultaneously measure the radiofrequency (RF) exposure and the height of a worker’s position on TV and radio transmitting mast.
Study results useful to estimate the effects of choices made prior to SAR simulation
Development of voxel models of children to measure whole-body and tissue-averaged SAR
Most studies do show an increase in genetic damage in human cytogenetic studies but methodological issues prevent any conclusive results.
Meeting reports of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)
Case-control study in Germany did
not show any elevated risks of childhood leukemia from radiofrequency
fields radio and TV broadcast transmitters
Study results indicate possible biological effect of GSM cellular phone
exposure on response times measured by spatial working memory task.
Survey in Germany on mobile
phone base stations and risk perception and associated self-reported
Mobile phone use is not associated with blood-brain barrier dysfunction
Radiofrequency proxy exposure (distance) considered a good
exposure metric for large epidemiological studies on exposure from
television and radio broadcast transmitters
Median individual exposure of children and adolescents to radio
frequency fields measured by personal dosimetry was about 20% of
the ICNIRP reference level guideline.
Laboratory study does not find evidence of induction of cellular
responses after 1763 MHz radiofrequency field exposure.
Radiofrequency fields emitted by cellular phones have no adverse
effects on any reproductive and embryo-toxic parameters.
No differences in either HSC70 or HSP70 protein expression were
observed after exposure to radiofrequency fields.
No effect of in vivo exposure to GSM-modulated radiofrequency fields on bone marrow cells.
Current state of scientific findings and consensus on research priorities
to identify risk factors for brain tumors: Brain Tumor Epidemiology Consortium
suggests that mobile phones do not affect subjective symptoms
UMTS 3rd generation mobile phone radiofrequency field exposure
does not affect attentional processes.
fields emitted by mobile phones are not the trigger of headaches
experienced by study participants.
measured by electroencephalogram (EEG) activity due to GSM
signal from mobile phones
No biological effects
noted on alpha band power (electrical brain activity) following
GSM exposure from mobile phones.
exposure to WIFI and Bluetooth devices shows that the exposure
levels are lower than exposure to mobile phones
near the eyebrow increases the SAR but without exceeding the
disk attached to mobile phone reduces the intensity of radiofrequency
stimulated fibroblasts cells not more sensitive than normal
cells to 872 MHz radiofrequency fields (RF) at SAR 5 W/kg
permeability and nerve cell damage in rat brain
UMTS and GSM mobile
phone signals inhibit DNA repair foci in human lymphocytes
No molecular responses
of T lymphoma cells to 1763 MHz radiofrequency (RF) radiation
under 10 W/kg SAR for 24 h
and C reduce oxidative stress in rat endometrium exposed to
900 MHz radiofrequency fields emitted from mobile phones
Higher SAR values
do more harm to the eyes when wearing glasses with metal frame
after exposure to 900 MHz mobile phone radiofrequency fields.
Single 10 minute
900 MHz GSM mobile phone exposure does not affect human hearing
noise inhibits radiofrequency radiation-induced DNA damage
and reactive oxygen species increase in human lens epithelial
Review of epidemiological
evidence of mobile phone use and cancer
investigate psychological symptoms related to short-term exposure
to radiofrequency fields from base stations in 57 participants.
design to investigate the effect of radiofrequency field (RF)
exposure from mobile phone on spatial memory and learning in
Study does not
confirm causal link in subjects reporting having hypersensitivity
symptoms after RF exposure from base stations.
stress measured in human semen after exposure to radiofrequency
field exposure from cell phones.
effects of 900 MHz radiofrequency field include significant
increase in caspase 3 activity only in proliferating blood
prenatal exposure to radiofrequency fields may affect the development
of the dentate gyrus cells in rat hippocampus.
parameters in rat brains are not affected by long-term exposure
to GSM 900 MHz mobile phone radiofrequency fields.
to radiofrequency fields from mobile phones (SAR 7.8 W/Kg)
does not produce any cellular alterations in mouse heads.
Estimated SAR in
newly designed whole-body exposure chamber for unrestrained
public health policy for electromagnetic field exposures
Review of gene
expression studies after exposure to radiofrequency (RF) fields
and comparison of past results with newly accepted concepts
for RF and gene expression.
Fraud Charges Cast Doubt on Claims of DNA Damage From Cell
No association between
mobile phone use and brain tumour risk (meningioma) in 5 North
European countries part of the INTERPHONE study.
New method proposed
to relate total radiofrequency field exposure of the general
public to actual whole-body specific absorption rate (SAR)
to assess mobile phone radiofrequency (RF) exposure from base
stations only valuable when input data from epidemiological
studies has a low degree of uncertainty.
Human and mouse
cells exposed to GSM mobile phone radiation point to some differences
in some but not all end points which may be explained by chance
or by prior chemical stress.
Results of study
on cerebral cytochrome c oxidase (CO) activity indicate only
specific absorption rate (SAR) of 6 W/Kg GSM 900 MHz may affect
brain metabolism and neuronal activity in rats
No indication UMTS
radiofrequency fields from mobile phone affect inner auditory
system in humans
adverse effects of UMTS electromagnetic fields generated by
mobile phones on the human inner ear: A European project (EMFNEAR).
the interaction of electromagnetic fields (10 MHz–10
GHz) with the human body: methods and applications
Does the use
of cell phones cause brain tumors?
Analysis of RF exposure
in the head tissues of children and adults.
Validation of the questionnaire
used in the INTERPHONE Study: Measuring mobile telephone use
Mobile phones do not
pose health risk, German survey shows.
Regression calibration used as a method to account for overestimation of self-reported mobile phone use.
Potential reduced fertility from exposure to radiofrequency equipment and radar in workers.
Letter to Editor – Takebayashi study Japanese Interphone study
Letter to Editor – Japanese Interphone study acoustic neuroma
Study of occupational exposure to radiofrequency fields (RF) show possible increase in male infertility.
Descriptive study on mobile phones use in Swedish adolescents and self-reported health symptoms.
Apparent changes although not statistically significant in heart rate variability due to mobile phone use.
Study finds mobile phone users report more frequently blurring of vision related to years of use but not other ocular symptoms.
Study shows apoptosis levels in neuroblastoma cells not affected after exposure to GSM 935 MHz radiofrequency.
Spindle disturbances due to 835 MHz radiofrequency field in human-hamster hybrid.
No health effects such as cell cycle, cellular migration, or invasion at specific absorption rate of 2 or 10 W/kg in mouse fibroblasts cells.
Cell phone radiation could potentially up-regulate mRNA of some proteins in rat brain.
Review of mobile phone use and its affect on the auditory and central nervous system.
Retrospective validation study of mobile phone use shows both
systematic and random recall errors.
Behavioural difficulties in children due to pre and postnatal
mobile phone exposure if found to be true could have significant
public health importance.
Review of mobile phones on hearing and balance shows no evidence
of cochleo-vestibular adverse health effects.
Study does not confirm an effect of GSM or UMTS mobile phone systems on
cognitive and related functions in healthy individuals.
Second study does not confirm an effect of GSM or UMTS mobile
phone systems on well-being and EEG in healthy individuals.
Investigation does not confirm radiofrequency (RF) exposure
has an effect on neurophysiological data in people with atopic dermatitis.
Summary statistics obtained by regression order statistics (ROS)
is more reliable than actual data measured by personal exposimeters
which are below the detection limit and replaced by an appropriate
value (at the limit).
Radiofrequency field affects growth but not colony-forming ability
and viability of cells exposed to radiofrequency (RF) field.
UMTS mobile phone system may produce genotoxic effects in some
human cells during in vitro experiment.
900 MHz microwaves may cause continuous astroglia activation
in rats but only at specific absorption rate (SAR) of 6W/Kg
Effect of UMTS on chromosome
aberrations in lymphocyte cells may enhance chromosomal damage at SAR 2.0
Meta-analysis of quantitative effect of genotoxicity from radiofrequency
Health Risks Fifth Annual Report from SSI’s (Swedish Radiation
Protection Agency) Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields,
Meta-analysis of published case-control study evaluating
long-term mobile phone use and risk of tumours
Study using a dosimeter to measure
mobile phone frequencies did not find any significant association from
EMF exposure and chronic or acute symptoms.
Double blinded randomized study
rejects the hypothesis UMTS radiation from mobile phone base stations
affects cognitive function and symptoms.
Case-control study indicates possible cognitive and neurobiological
changes in electromagnetic hypersensitive patients.
Actual RF exposure not better detected
than chance in subjects reporting symptoms from mobile phone use and
Brief and repeated GSM-900 mobile
phone exposure does not affect psychomotor performance in humans.
Comment by Loughran et al.
No effect on human spermatozoa parameters
from 900 MHz GSM radiation at a specific absorption rate (SAR) of 2.0
Determination of efficiency
of in vitro dosimetric assessment of specific absorption rate (SAR) at
900 MHz in cell cultures.
Variability of body models for adults and children used in dosimetry
GSM 900 exposure of human skin in an
experimental setup to assess uncertainty and variation.
Effect of radiofrequency fields
(RF) from mobile phones on level of melatonin and changes in body weight
Study finds no induction of genotoxic
effects from UMTS intermittent
exposure of human lymphocytes.
Cognitive functions such as memory
affected by GSM-900 mobile phone exposure in rat model.
Study finds no consistent suggestion
that GSM 1800 MHz exposure modulates gene expression in mice brain.
Systematic review of radiofrequency fields exposure and health effects.
Review of lymphoma and mobile phone
radiation in mice.
to endocrine functions do not appear under experimental conditions
to be persistently affected following exposure to cellular phone
use in men.
Australian case-control study
finds no evidence of any association from occupational radiofrequency
exposure and risk of glioma (brain tumour) in adults.
Hocking questions the study methodology
including the Finnish job exposure matrix used for the Australian context
in Karipidis’ study.
Reply to Ha et al on study of radiofrequency
fields and childhood leukemia and brain cancer.
Ha and colleagues respond to Schüz.
Development of whole-body exposure
system for cellular and PCS frequency in a reverberation chamber.
Magnetic flux density spectrum is required for accurate exposure
evaluation from mobile phones.
Methodology used to assess exposure
from high-voltage power lines in case-control studies in the UK.
Non-significant increase in frequency of
micronucleated exfoliated cells (in buccal-mucosa) in subjects using
No evidence that non-thermal radiofrequency
field (RF) exposure could affect gene expression in human cells when
compared to control groups.
High EMF exposure (SAR; 4.0 W/Kg) triggered stress response and
diminished viability but not lower exposure limit (1.6 W/Kg) in flies
900 MHz radiofrequency exposure of pigs head to three different
exposure patterns in order to determine specific absorption rate (SAR).
Long-term GSM 902 MHz radiation exposure
of rats and its effect on induced mammary tumours.
No evidence that radiation from mobile
phones alters anti-apoptotic bcl-2 protein in rats’ brain and testes.
Study investigates non-thermal
RF exposure on altered calcium dynamics in stem cells.
No evidence high-frequency radiofrequency (GSM 217 Hz; 2 W/Kg)
can produce cellular effects such as HSP70-mediated stress response or
primary DNA damage.
A review of stimulation of
protein and DNA by electromagnetic fields.
INTERPHONE Study in Japan
of brain tumours and mobile phone use using new method (SAR
exposure and tumour localization) for assessing exposure inside
Population-based study in Northern
Germany on environmental risk factors for leukemia and lymphoma including
extremely low and high frequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs).
Radiofrequency radiation (835 MHz) assessment on DNA degradation
of mammalian cells in vitro.
In vitro assessment of 900 MHz radiofrequency on human neutrophils
shows increase speed and changes concentration gradient.
Study suggests protein expression
in human skin might be affected by radiofrequency field exposure.
No indication of radiofrequency exposure
of 1.8 W/kg could induce the nematode heat-shock gene.
No immediate effects of mobile phone
exposure on auditory or vestibular functions.
Observational study suggests
semen quality of men may decrease due to cell phone usage.
Availability of SAR information is
relevant for customers’ prior to buying a mobile phone.
No immediate effect on both reaction
time and attention from short-term exposure of UMTS mobile signal.
Study could not demonstrate electromagnetic
field (EMF) sensibility in young healthy adults.
Review of radiofrequency fields
from mobile phones and health effects on cardiovascular, reproductive,
and immune systems.
Summary of BioInitiative report on potential health risk from
Brief communication: Exposure assessment
using personal exposimeters.
Letter to Eltiti and response
from authors of paper
Health effects of mobile phones
on EEG alpha waves (neural function)
Comparison of different methodological approaches to simulating exposure conditions
from mobile phones
In-vitro investigation of potential malignant cell transformation from mobile
phone base stations.
Heat shock proteins expression in rat
skin exposed to GSM signals.
Possible apoptosis of rat neurons
after exposure to 900 MHz radiofrequency fields.
Aneuploidy (change in number of chromosomes)
resulting from 800 MHz radiofrequency fields in human lymphocyte
No adverse health effects from radiofrequency fields on neonatal mice exposed
to 900 MHz RF.
Review of EMF and children as a vulnerable population and potential application
of precautionary measures.
Another study on electrical hypersensitivity
shows no effect from RFR exposure
Another study shows no effect of short-term cell phone exposure
Effect of RFR exposure on EEG
More on heat shock proteins
RFR exposure and the human visual system
exposure in animals and cancer (1)
Another study fails to confirm Repacholi's results
exposure in animals and cancer (2)
Long-term RFR exposure in rats does not increase cancer
rats show improved learning and memory, but no structural
changes in brain
to RFR from a cell phone reduces sperm motility in rats
Awareness of Government advice on cell
2007 report of MTHR programme
INTERPHONE study update
Meta-analysis on cognitive function
animal study shows no increase in brain tumours from RFR exposure
ODC activity after RFR exposure
Review of cell phones
and effects on brain
Delay in sleep onset after RFR
exposure from a cell phone
Review of thermal mechanisms of RF
Short-term RFR exposure induces injury
to rat brain cells
French INTERPHONE study
of cell phone use and brain tumour
The INTERPHONE study design, methods,
and population description
Acoustic neuroma and environmental
Power output of cell phones
Short-term RFR exposure does not lead
to increased blood pressure
RFR exposure and oxidative stress
No effect of RFR exposure on an auditory discrimination task
Comparison of different standards for limiting exposure to EMF
Reduced ODC activity after RFR exposure in primary cell lines
RFR exposure reduced excitatory synaptic activity in neurons
Reproductive capacity of insects reduced by RFR exposure
stations and the decline in the numbers of house sparrows
No increased risk of lymphoma in mice exposed to RFR
Use of EMF sources not associated with increased symptoms
RFR exposure has no effect on apoptosis or heat shock response
in skin cells.
RFR exposure and the hearing system
cancer-producing effect of RFR exposure in mice
use of cell phones and risk of brain cancer
and skin temperature
and brain function
No effects on brain function from short- and long-term RFR exposure
Pulse-modulated RFR affects brain function
3) No effects
on cognitive function from RFR exposure, to either hemisphere
4) No effects
on cognitive function, inconsistent effects on EEG from RFR
study from five countries
Summary of long-term results of cell
phone epidemiological studies
Paternal occupation and pregnancy
No increase in micronuclei after chronic
RFR exposure in mice
No effect on cell death or cell cycle progression from RFR
Exposure standards and risks
Feasibility of epidemiological studies
on base stations
RF exposure and formation of reactive oxygen species
of methods used to assess cell phone exposure
exposure and heart rate variability
Interphone study of intracranial tumours
of health indicators with population density and power output from cell
of an EMF hypersensitivity questionnaire
Cell phone research studies and source
No apoptosis seen with
No risk of testicular cancer
with the use of cell or cordless phones
RFR exposure did not lead
to changes in heat-shock proteins
Brain tumour mortality
rates in Switzerland, 1969-2002
section on the Interphone study
RFR exposure and gene expression
- danger of false positives
EMF research in Europe
RF plastic sealer operators
and heart rate variability
study of cell phone use and cancer risk
Another negative study of RFR
and the stress response
New method proposed for estimating exposure levels for cell
RFR exposure and the skin
Anesthesia affects temperature in rabbits' eyes
Review of the effect of ELF-modulated RF fields on brain
No effect of RFR on ROS or
Cell phones and non-Hodgkin lymphoma
RFR has no effect
on cell death or p53 gene expression
Assessment of health effects
of EMF by WHO, IARC, and ICNIRP
Two studies of RFR and oxidative
stress in rats
Proton magnetic resonance
spectroscopy in evaluating brain function in cell phone users
RFR exposure associated with decreased skin resistance
No effect on well-being or cognitive
performance from base station-like exposure
Interphone study (1): No increased risk of parotid gland
Interphone study (2): No increased
risk of acoustic neuroma
RFR from a GSM phone modifies brain excitability
No effect on cell cycle or cell
death from RFR
Effects of RFR at high SARs on
heat shock proteins
tumours and occupational exposure to RFR
No effect of RFR on cultured brain cells
Another animal study finds no
evidence of RFR effect on tumour promotion
No breakdown of blood-brain barrier with RFR exposure
Another study shows no genotoxic
effect from RFR exposure
Brain tumours and base stations of
Two studies on electromagnetic
fields and EEG changes:
No effect on cell proliferation from RFR exposure at SARs
up to 200 W/kg.
New IEEE standard for RFR exposure
RFR exposure and the immune system
No increase in micronuclei after RFR exposure
And another study shows lack of
genotoxicity after RFR exposure
Two studies show no effect of
RFR on gene expression
No change in proto-oncogenes or
heat-shock proteins after RFR exposure
Cerebral blood flow and exposure
to cell phones
Health effects from mobile phones
Brain activity from cell phone exposure
RFR does not affect tumour promotion
in offspring of ENU-treated rats.
More on genotoxicity
Children and cell phones
Validation of short term recall of cell phone
Another study shows lack of tumour
promotion by RFR
No change in heat shock proteins
or oncogenes after RFR exposure
And another study shows no effect
of RFR on heat shock proteins (or free radicals)
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (2)
exposure and melatonin production
Mobile phone related symptoms - no difference in controlled
Study on effect of RF exposure on function of the immune
No effect of RFR on cell death
More analyses from Hardell's group
RF exposure does not affect cognitive
function in new study
Review of cell phones and tumour
Australian survey of RF exposure from
Personal dosimetry of exposure to base stations
Thermal cause of heat-shock
response to RFR called in to question
No hsp70 response after RFR exposure
at 1800 MHz
No adverse effects of RFR exposure in hsp-deficient or wild
Study on cognitive function and RFR exposure
Another study fails to show tumour promotion in rats exposed
Two more Interphone studies
And two more papers from
Hardell and colleagues
Four genotoxic studies with varied
Children and electromagnetic fields
Two studies of cell phones in children
show no effect on cognitive function
Cell phones' EMFs do not affect inner
ears of rats
Hardell and colleagues report results of
Another review of the genetic effects of radiofrequency radiation
Four more genotoxic studies
Two papers on base station antennas
More on energy absorption in heads
of adults and children
More studies examine the blood-brain barrier
RFR exposure does not contribute to
ear warmth during a phone call
Correspondence on the radial arm maze
Another negative study on the heat-shock
Microwave radiation reported to affect
function of the lens
Acoustic neuroma: an INTERPHONE report
from 5 countries
A review of cell phones, base stations,
Possible explanation for the heat-shock
protein response to EMFs in C. elegans
Review of electromagnetic hypersensitivity
Lack of EMF effects on blood-brain barrier
Another heat shock response study
Review of acoustic neuroma
Genotoxicity and RFR exposure
Another genotoxicity study shows no
Cell phone RFR and allergy tests
Selection bias in case-control studies
of cell phones and brain tumours
UTMS-like exposure has no effect
on visual perception
Re-evaluation of SAR estimates in
heads of children and adults
Feasibility of epidemiological studies
on health effects of base stations
Review of the heat shock response to RFR
Brain tumour in cell phone users
in urban and rural areas
The effects on the ear of EMFs from
Correspondence on Swedish brain
RFR and skin damage in rats - prevention
French study suggests RFR can cause
brain changes in rats
Danish study on cell phones and cancer
Another study shows no effect of long-term
EMF on animal cancer
Influence of EMFs on plant growth
EMFs produce stress-like response
Reevaluation and improved design of
the TEM cell
Experiments test the effect of the
Swedish study shows no association
between cell phone use and brain tumour
No effect on cognitive function after
cell phone exposure for several weeks.
Comparison of human head phantoms
for cell phone testing (1)
Comparison of human head phantoms
for cell phone testing (2)
NRPB updates IEGMP 2000 report
Another NRPB report examines recent
No evidence of oxidative stress in cells
exposed to RFR
The heat shock protein debate continues
Review of genotoxic studies
First global standard for measurement
of mobile phone exposure
Three studies examine aspects of RFR exposure
RF exposure does not alter melatonin
output in rats
No effect of long-term EMF
exposure on development of rat brain tumours
study shows no cancer risk
Another study on EEGs from Finnish
Study shows no genotoxic effect from RF radiation
No effect from RF radiation on cancer
promotion in laboratory study
Cancer Institute study published
of the eye linked to RF radiation
More on the Sutton Coldfield transmitter
study shows no association of wireless phones with brain cancer
And another study shows the same
RF radiation in pregnant rats makes no difference to their offspring's
Cell phone radiation and pregnancy
outcome in rats
No damage to DNA in human blood cells
from RF radiation
Do teenagers with mobile phones
Do cell phone users get more headaches
Lancet seminars examine safety of
Current research on cell phones
Study finds no genotoxic effects
from 900 MHz fields
No eye damage in monkeys from microwaves.
Scandinavian study examines symptoms
associated with cell phone use
Swiss study on EMF and EEG changes
mobile phones safe? - a review
effect on the rat brain from EM field
Another study on brain function
And another study on EEGs
Report of scalp nerve abnormality
with prolonged use of a cell phone
WHO updates fact sheet on electromagnetic
fields and public health
Statement from European Bioelectromagnetics
RF exposure near base stations
suggests microwaves produce non-thermal effects
Microwaves fail to increase tumour rate
Another study on EEGs in humans
results from Swedish study
UK Expert Group issues its report
radiation and brain function in humans.
Radiofrequency radiation and brain
tumours in rats.
Radiofrequency radiation and spatial memory function in animals.
More on cell phones and EEGs
Study on Cellular Phones and Cancer
Study of cancer in Motorola employees
Radiation and Sleep
Government Appoints Independent Expert Group on Mobile Phones
radiation and brain function in humans
Cell Phones and the Risk of Brain
Critical Review of Epidemiological Studies
Review of Cell Phones and Cancer
Effects of Radiofrequencies on Central Nervous System Tumours in
or Planned Research in Humans